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Common IR Procedures Explained


Interventional Radiology (IR) procedures usually involve guiding a needle into the body using ultrasound or CT and accessing a particular organ (liver, kidney, stomach etc) or a vessel (artery or vein), then guiding a wire and catheter through the needle into that area. Using a real-time x-ray camera, the wire and catheter can then be guided through the body to perform whatever procedure is required.

The following pages describe a variety of IR procedures which can be found under the main subgroups:

Vascular Intervention (Arterial)
Acute Arterial Catheter Directed Thrombolysis
Uterine Artery Embolisation - for Uterine Fibroids
Prostate Artery Embolisation - For Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy (BPH)
Embolisation for Post-Partum Bleeding
Embolisation for Gastrointestinal Bleeding
Embolisation for Trauma
Endovascular Aneurysm Repair (EVAR)

Vascular Intervention (Venous)
Varicocoele Embolisation
Long Term Venous Access
Arterio-Venous Fistuloplasty
Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)
Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) Filters

Non-Vascular Intervention
Nephrostomy & Ureteric Stent
Percutaneous Transhepatic Cholangiogram (PTC)
Radiologically Inserted Gastrostomy (RIG)
Image Guided Biopsies
Image Guided Drains
Cholecysto-duodenal Stenting (a.k.a GUPTAS procedure)

Interventional Oncology
Percutaneous Tumour Ablation
Portal Vein Embolisation (PVE)
Pre-Operative Tumour Embolisation
Trans-Arterial Chemo-Embolisation (TACE)